The United States is currently debating whether and in what manner to require a National Identification management policy
for livestock and farm animals in the US.
This is largely in reaction to the threats of Avian Flu and Mad Cow Disease.
The purpose of this is to allow any infected animals to quickly be traced to the source breeder/ranch/farm
so that any spread of any disease can be quickly controlled.
Below is the draft of the Texas proposal on this issue.
NOTE: this is not current law; however it will include horses, as noted in this
draft, in many areas if or when it goes into effect.
For information on individual states or national policy, contact USDA or state representatives.
from the Texas Animal Health Commission
Premises Identification Proposed Regulations
Animal Health Commission Box l2966 Austin, Texas78711 (800) 550-8242 FAX (512) 719-071 Bob Hillman, DVM • Executive Director For
info, contact Carla Everett, information officer, at 1-800-550-8242, ext. 710, or firstname.lastname@example.org
Commissioners for the Texas Animal Health Commission
(TAHC) proposed regulations for Texas’ premises and animal identification program at their December meeting.
Comments will be accepted on the proposals for 45 days from publication in the Texas Register. Comments must be received by
February 6, 2006, and may be submitted to email@example.com, faxed to (512) 719-0721, or mailed to: Delores Holubec, TAHC, Box 12966, Austin, TX78711-2966. The entire text of the rule proposal may be found at: http://www.sos.state.tx.us/texreg/sos/PROPOSED/4.AGRICULTURE.html If you have trouble accessing the page and would like to review the text, please email Carla Everett at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Why these regulations were proposed…
During the recent legislative session, the Texas
Legislature passed House Bill 1361, authorizing the TAHC to develop and implement an animal identification system consistent
with the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s National Animal Identification System (NAIS). HB 1361 (Chapter 161.056 of
the Texas Agriculture Code) also authorizes the TAHC to determine when premises identification will be required and to assess
and collect fees for premises registration.
As the NAIS is phased in, the TAHC’s program
also will evolve. TAHC commissioners have proposed regulations at this time for premises identification only. Premises identification
is the foundation for all other components of the NAIS.
Prior to July 1, 2006,
premises in Texas may be registered at no charge, and the premises identification number will remain
valid through June 30, 2008. Although the 7-character premises identification number will not change, the
premises registration must be renewed July 1, 2008, and every 24 months thereafter. At
renewal, the proposed regulations provide for a yearly premises registration fee of $10, paid biennially. The $20 two-year
registration fee is to be submitted to the TAHC at the time of registration renewal.
On July 1, 2006,
premises registration will be compulsory in Texas. All persons who own, manage or are caretakers for locations where livestock,
exotic livestock, poultry, or exotic poultry are handled must register their premises with the TAHC and submit the $20 two-year
fee. Renewal and fee payment will be required every 24 months thereafter.
Privacy considerations under the proposed TAHC regulations…
Information collected by the TAHC for premises or
animal identification is exempt from public disclosure requirements under the Texas Public Information Act.
Compliance and the proposed regulations… Although
the TAHC commissioners always urge voluntary compliance with agency regulations, the proposals include penalties for noncompliance.
The Texas Agriculture Code (law) may be found on
the TAHC website at http://www.tahc.state.tx.us, by selecting the “Statutes and Regulations” link on the front page.
Basics of the National Animal Identification System
The goal of the NAIS is to enable animal health officials
to identify locations where infected or exposed animals have been and to track animal movement from those locations within
48 hours, in the event of an animal disease outbreak. Three main components comprise the system:
Premises identification defines a geographic site,
such as ranches, farms, feedlots, livestock markets, slaughter establishments, rendering or carcass collection points, veterinary
clinics, livestock show, fair or exhibition sites, quarantine facilities, laboratories, ports of entry, or any other facilities
where animals are handled. These include cattle, horses, mules, asses, sheep, goats and hogs; exotic livestock; domestic fowl,
such as chickens, turkeys, and game birds; and poultry and exotic fowl.
The premises number is a unique 7-character code,
issued by the TAHC or USDA. Owners or managers can register their premises and obtain the unique code online at the TAHC web
site at http://www.tahc.state.tx.us. Applications also may be obtained at many cooperative extension service offices, livestock
markets, veterinary clinics or from livestock and poultry associations. As of early December, more than 4,200 premises in
Texas had been registered. In the U.S. (including
Texas), about 160,000 have been registered.
A person who owns or manages two or more locations
and commingles animals may register the locations under one premises number. However, if a person maintains livestock on multiple
locations but does not commingle the animals, then each location should be registered separately.
Animal identification, when implemented, will require
that certain species of animals are tagged with a uniquely numbered 15-digit electronic identification device when they are
moved from their herd of origin, or are commingled with animals from other premises. The device is intended to remain with
the animal for life. If a device is lost, the animal can be retagged.
Under the national animal identification system (NAIS),
still in development, premises numbers will NOT be imprinted on the animal identification devices. The unique 7-character
premises identification and the 15-digit animal identification device number will correlate only in records. Each animal identification
device will be individually numbered.
In the NAIS, some species, such as commercially produced
swine or poultry, may be identified by group/lot numbers, provided the animals are held and managed as a group throughout
the pre-harvest production process.
Animal tracking, the final component of the national
plan, will involve recording and reporting those animals moved, sold, commingled or slaughtered. This component, when implemented,
will enable efficient tracing of animals for disease eradication efforts.
For further information, contact the US Dept. of Agriculture, or the individual state departments of Agriculture.
COMPUTER CHIPS CAN GET VIRUSES
In a Technology article in the New York Times on March 14, 2006, it was reported that computer researchers
had found that tags that are made of computer chips can be infected with viruses, and then spread them to scanners, etc.
Tags that are used on luggage and at the grocery store are the primary examples, however animal identification
chips are included in the article.
Previously, it was thought that the chips had such a small memory (under 158kb) that they could not
Full article at:
This site is archived for past articles, so after a few days, there may be a charge of a few dollars for
Use the title below to access the article:
Study Says Chips in ID Tags Are Vulnerable
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